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SAR ( Search And Rescue) Meanings Must You Know

Team SAR (Search And Rescue)

For those of you who don’t know SAR, SAR is a team that stands for Search and rescue where the task of the team is to try to find, evacuate to save someone who is missing and is worried about being hit by disasters such as shipping disasters, natural disasters and aviation disasters. Each country will certainly have its own SAR team to carry out important tasks in each of these countries.

The SAR team is not only assigned to the sea, debt, and mountain, but the SAR team is also assigned to urban areas such as a fire, collapse of a building, or a train accident. The SAR team can be said to be a team that plays an important role in finding casualties. However, most SAR teams operate when natural disasters occur. The personnel of this team also have the skills without endangering the victims or their personnel, so it can be said that this team is a solid and professional team.

Accident Warning Level Team SAR

In Indonesia, the SAR Team was formed under the name BNPP (National Search and Relief Agency) which has the task of carrying out searches for victims who have been affected by disaster or who are missing. The disaster warning level is also divided into three levels, namely:

  • Inserfa
    It is at this stage where the victims of aircraft or ship passengers begin to doubt their safety due to delays in arriving at their intended destination.
  • Alertfa
    This phase is a continuation of the inserfa level, where the victims begin to be threatened with safety.
  • Destresfa
    This phase is a continuation of the alertfa level where the victims need immediate assistance because the plane or ship they were traveling on had an accident such as burning, falling, or sinking.

The 5 stages of the Search for Victims Operation by the SAR Team

After the three warnings above have occurred, the SAR team has several stages of operations to respond to an accident that strikes, from the beginning it is known that an accident has occurred to how to handle it directly. The following are five stages of the operation to evacuate victims by the SAR team:

  • Awareness Stage
    This phase is where the SAR team members are aware / aware of the threat to the safety of the lives of passengers on the ship or plane. After that, communication will be made with the pilot or skipper first and find out the point of position.
  • Initial Action Stage

At this stage, the SAR team immediately investigates and finds out about the type of aircraft / ship, determines the type of accident that occurred, and conducts initial searches with PRECOM or NOTAM communication tools.

  • Planning Stage
    At this stage the SAR team arranged a search operation and provided a medical place if there were still survivors.
  • Operation Stage
    This stage is a continuation of the planning stage and direct operational practice that has been previously planned.
  • Conclution Stage
    At this stage all the victims have been found and the case is declared finished, and the teams return to their respective places by making reports during the investigation.

MRI Search and Rescue (SAR) Team

Commitment, Dedication, Compassion, Training…

Day or night, every day of the year, our volunteers are prepared to respond to the coastguard in order to prevent the loss of life.

It’s not always possible to prevent the loss of life but there is always a family on shore desperately waiting for word.


Maritime Rescue Institute, Stonehaven


  1. Called out to search for overdue diver at Tod Head. Weather and sea conditions in the area were poor with strong NE winds and rain.

19.50 hrs.     Forth Coastguard requested MRI assist in search for a diver missing after a shore dive at Tod Head Lighthouse.

20.03 hrs.     MRI 42, with six crew on board, left Stonehaven

20.18 hrs.     MRI 42 arrived on scene Tod Head. MRI 42 commenced rock foot search Braidon Bay to Whistleberry. Auxiliary coastguard search teams commenced cliff and foreshore search of same area.

20.38 hrs.     Helicopter Rescue 137 arrived on scene and commenced shoreline search Tod Head to Little Johnshaven.

21.05 hrs.     Conditions on scene on rapidly deteriorated with very strong winds and torrential rain in darkness. MRI 42 extended its search area from Tod Head to Darn Bay.

22.15 hrs      Montrose RNLI Lifeboat arrived at southern end of search area and commenced search north to Whistleberry.

23.40 hrs.     Rescue 137 was released from search to refuel at Aberdeen airport.

23.50 hrs.     Aberdeen RNLI Lifeboat arrived on scene Tod Head to commence search to Little Johnshaven. 

00.00 hrs.     MRI 42 released from search to refresh crew.

00.10 hrs.     All SAR assets told to return to base as diver is confirmed safe ashore at Bervie.

00.30 hrs.     MRI 42 returned to station and refuelled.

00.45 hrs.     MRI 42 on station.

wind: ne 5-7 increasing 9 in heavy rain squalls , decreasing 4 e. sea state; rough – v rough.

weather: rain – torrential rain – clearing.

Philosophy of Mentions by the SAR Team

The SAR team also has several philosophical code words that have a meaning in each word. Here are some meaningful words used by the SAR Team:

  • Locate
    Locate means the concrete location of a place that is made a disaster point and is usually marked with latitude and longitude on the map.
  • Access
    Access means access from where assistance can be given to victims so they can reach the destination where the disaster occurred.
  • Stabilize
    Stabilize means the handling of victims, both survivors and those who died, which is carried out by the Rescue Unit before the medical aid arrives for further treatment.
  • Transport / Evacuation
    Evacuation means moving the victims from the scene of the incident to a safer place for data collection and to be given first aid by the medical team.

Well that’s interesting information about the SAR Team that you need to know as basic knowledge. If anything is unclear, you can ask through the comments column below and keep up with the updated information about the SAR Team in the World. That’s all we thank those of you who have read this article to the end.

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MRI Advisory and Training Services

MRI has gained a worldwide reputation for the quality and methodology of its advisory training programme provision and is recognised by its peers as a world leader in its field.

Programmes available cover wide aspects of waterborne emergency response search and rescue, including:

  • Emergency response, search and rescue craft operation
  • Emergency response casualty care
  • Emergency response search and rescue craft and system maintenece
  • Riverine and confined waters emergency response and rescue
  • Operational area profiling
  • Operational environment craftmanship
  • Methodology of teaching
  • Instructor training

MRI provides these programmes either from its purpose built facility in Stonehaven, Scotland or within the end user’s local environment.